# Golang Hello World

This section provides step-by-step instructions on how to write and run a HelloWorld workflow in Cadence with Golang. You will learn two critical building blocks of Cadence: activities and workflows. First, you will write an activity function that prints a "Hello World!" message in the log. Then, you will write a workflow function that executes this activity.

# Prerequisite

To successfully run this hello world sample, follow this checklist of setting up Cadence environment

  1. Your worker is running properly and you have registered the hello world activity and workflow to the worker
  2. Your Cadence server is running (check your background docker container process)
  3. You have successfully registered a domain for this workflow

You must finish part 2 and 3 by following the first section to proceed the next steps. We are using domain called test-domain for this tutorial project.

# Step 1. Implement A Cadence Worker Service

Create a new main.go file in your local directory and paste the basic worker service layout.

import (
    apiv1 "github.com/uber/cadence-idl/go/proto/api/v1"
var HostPort = ""
var Domain = "test-domain"
var TaskListName = "test-worker"
var ClientName = "test-worker"
var CadenceService = "cadence-frontend"
func main() {
    startWorker(buildLogger(), buildCadenceClient())
    http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil)
func buildLogger() *zap.Logger {
    config := zap.NewDevelopmentConfig()
    var err error
    logger, err := config.Build()
    if err != nil {
        panic("Failed to setup logger")
    return logger
func buildCadenceClient() workflowserviceclient.Interface {
    dispatcher := yarpc.NewDispatcher(yarpc.Config{
		Name: ClientName,
		Outbounds: yarpc.Outbounds{
		  CadenceService: {Unary: grpc.NewTransport().NewSingleOutbound(HostPort)},
	  if err := dispatcher.Start(); err != nil {
		panic("Failed to start dispatcher")
	  clientConfig := dispatcher.ClientConfig(CadenceService)
	  return compatibility.NewThrift2ProtoAdapter(
func startWorker(logger *zap.Logger, service workflowserviceclient.Interface) {
    // TaskListName identifies set of client workflows, activities, and workers.
    // It could be your group or client or application name.
    workerOptions := worker.Options{
        Logger:       logger,
        MetricsScope: tally.NewTestScope(TaskListName, map[string]string{}),
    worker := worker.New(
    err := worker.Start()
    if err != nil {
        panic("Failed to start worker")
    logger.Info("Started Worker.", zap.String("worker", TaskListName))

In this worker service, we start a HTTP server and create a new Cadence client running continously at the background. Then start the server on your local, you may see logs such like

2023-07-03T11:46:46.266-0700    INFO    internal/internal_worker.go:826 Worker has no workflows registered, so workflow worker will not be started.     {"Domain": "test-domain", "TaskList": "test-worker", "WorkerID": "35987@uber-C02F18EQMD6R@test-worker@90c0260e-ba5c-4652-9f10-c6d1f9e29c1d"}
2023-07-03T11:46:46.267-0700    INFO    internal/internal_worker.go:834 Started Workflow Worker {"Domain": "test-domain", "TaskList": "test-worker", "WorkerID": "35987@uber-C02F18EQMD6R@test-worker@90c0260e-ba5c-4652-9f10-c6d1f9e29c1d"}
2023-07-03T11:46:46.267-0700    INFO    internal/internal_worker.go:838 Worker has no activities registered, so activity worker will not be started.    {"Domain": "test-domain", "TaskList": "test-worker", "WorkerID": "35987@uber-C02F18EQMD6R@test-worker@90c0260e-ba5c-4652-9f10-c6d1f9e29c1d"}
2023-07-03T11:46:46.267-0700    INFO    cadence-worker/main.go:75       Started Worker. {"worker": "test-worker"}

You may see this because there are no activities and workflows registered to the worker. Let's proceed to next steps to write a hello world activity and workflow.

# Step 2. Write a simple Cadence hello world activity and workflow

Let's write a hello world activity, which take a single input called name and greet us after the workflow is finished.

func helloWorldWorkflow(ctx workflow.Context, name string) error {
	ao := workflow.ActivityOptions{
		ScheduleToStartTimeout: time.Minute,
		StartToCloseTimeout:    time.Minute,
		HeartbeatTimeout:       time.Second * 20,
	ctx = workflow.WithActivityOptions(ctx, ao)
	logger := workflow.GetLogger(ctx)
	logger.Info("helloworld workflow started")
	var helloworldResult string
	err := workflow.ExecuteActivity(ctx, helloWorldActivity, name).Get(ctx, &helloworldResult)
	if err != nil {
		logger.Error("Activity failed.", zap.Error(err))
		return err
	logger.Info("Workflow completed.", zap.String("Result", helloworldResult))
	return nil
func helloWorldActivity(ctx context.Context, name string) (string, error) {
	logger := activity.GetLogger(ctx)
	logger.Info("helloworld activity started")
	return "Hello " + name + "!", nil

Don't forget to register the workflow and activity to the worker.

func init() {

# Step 3. Run the workflow with Cadence CLI

Restart your worker and run the following command to interact with your workflow.

cadence --env development  --domain test-domain workflow start --et 60 --tl test-worker --workflow_type main.helloWorldWorkflow --input '"World"'

You should see logs in your worker terminal like

2023-07-16T11:30:02.717-0700    INFO    cadence-worker/code.go:104      Workflow completed. {"Domain": "test-domain", "TaskList": "test-worker", "WorkerID": "11294@uber-C02F18EQMD6R@test-worker@5829c68e-ace0-472f-b5f3-6ccfc7903dd5", "WorkflowType": "main.helloWorldWorkflow", "WorkflowID": "8acbda3c-d240-4f27-8388-97c866b8bfb5", "RunID": "4b91341f-056f-4f0b-ab64-83bcc3a53e5a", "Result": "Hello World!"}

Congratulations! You just launched your very first Cadence workflow from scratch

# (Optional) Step 4. Monitor Cadence workflow with Cadence web UI

When you start the Cadence backend server, it also automatically starts a front end portal for your workflow. Open you browser and go to


You may see a dashboard below cadence-ui

Type the domain you used for the tutorial, in this case, we type test-domain and hit enter. Then you can see a complete history of the workflows you have triggered associated to this domain. cadence-ui-detailed

# What is Next

Now you have completed the tutorials. You can continue to explore the key concepts in Cadence, and also how to use them with Go Client

For complete, ready to build samples covering all the key Cadence concepts go to Cadence-Samples (opens new window) for more examples.

You can also review Cadence-Client (opens new window) and go-docs (opens new window) for more documentation.